There are two government disability programs that offer monetary benefits for disabled persons. Both are based on the same definition of "disability."
Disability in adults is the inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity (earn $1,220/mo*) and in children results in marked or severe functional limitations because of medically-determinable physical or mental impairments that are either expected to result in death or that will last for a continuous 12 months.
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is based on a certain period of employment and a level of income prior to becoming disabled. It is an insurance program for disabled persons.
Only adults can receive SSDI benefits, but their dependent children can receive partial auxiliary benefits. Also, children of workers who are now adults but became disabled prior to age 22 may be eligible.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is based on financial need. To be eligible, assets can be no more than $2,000 per individual/ $,3000 per couple*, not including their home. The full benefit amount is $771.* There is no minimum age. Parents' income will not necessarily disqualify a child for SSI.